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The Story of Rani Padmini of Chittor

Rani Padmini of Chittor

The Story of Rani Padmini of Chittor

In the 13th and 14th centuries, the Khilji dynasty was ruling from Delhi. The Sultans made repeated attack on Mewar on one pretext or the other. Here we may recollect the story of Rani Padmani who was the pretext for Alauddin Khilji attack on Chittor. In those days Chittor was under the Rule of King Ratansen, a brave and noble warrior-king. Apart, from being a loving husband and a just ruler, Ratansen was also a great patron of the arts. In his court were adorned with many talented People one of whom was a musician named Raghav Chetan. But unknown to anybody, Raghav Chetan was also a sorcerer. He used his evil talents to run down his rivals and unfortunately for him was caught red-handed in his evil act.

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On hearing about him King Ratansen was furious and he banished Raghav Chetan from his kingdom. This harsh punishment earned king Ratansen an uncompromising enemy. Sulking after his humiliation, Raghav Chetan made his way towards Delhi with an aim of trying to incite the Sultan of Delhi Alauddin Khilji to attack Chittor.

The Conspiracy

On approaching Delhi, Raghav Chetan settled down in a forest near Delhi which the Sultan used to visit frequently for hunting deer. One day on hearing the Sultan’s hunt party entering the forest, Raghav-Chetan started playing a melodious tone on his flute. When the alluring notes of Raghav-Chetan flute reached the Sultan’s party they were surprised as to who could be playing a flute in such a masterly way in a forest.

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The Sultan ordered his soldiers to fetch the person. When Raghav-Chetan was brought before him, the Sultan Alauddin Khilji asked him to come to his court at Delhi. The cunning Raghav-Chetan asked the king as to why he wants to have an ordinary musician like him, when there were so many other beautiful objects to be had. Wondering what Raghav-Chetan meant, Alauddin asked him to clarify. Upon being told of Rani Padmini’s beauty, Alauddin’s greed was aroused and immediately on returning to his capital he gave orders to his army to march on Chittor.

But to his dismay, on reaching Chittor, Alauddin Khilji found the fort to be heavily defended. Desperate to have a look at the legendary beauty of Padmini, he sent word to King Ratansen that he looked upon Padmini as his sister and wanted to meet her. On hearing this, the unsuspecting Ratansen asked Padmini to see the ‘brother’. But Padmini was more worldly-wise and she refused to meet the Sultan personally.

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On being persuaded by her husband Rana Ratansen, Rani Padmini allowed Alauddin to see her only in a mirror. On the word being sent to Alauddin that Padmini would see him he came to the fort with his selected his best warriors who secretly made a careful examination of the fort’s defenses on their way to the Palace.

On seeing Padmini, in the mirror, ‘brother’, Alauddin Khilji decided that he should secure Padmini for himself. While returning to his camp, Alauddin was accompanied for some way by King Ratansen. Taking this opportunity, the wily Sultan deceitfully kidnapped Ratansen and took him as a prisoner into his camp and demanded that Padmini come and surrender herself before Alauddin, if she wanted her husband King Ratansen alive again.

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The War 

The Rajput generals decided to beast the Sultan at his own game and sent back a word that Padmini would be given to Alauddin the next morning. On the following day at the crack of dawn, one hundred and fifty palanquins (covered cases in which royal ladies were carried in medieval times) left the fort and made their way towards Alauddin’s camps The palanquins stopped before the tent where king Ratansen was being held prisoner. Seeing that the palanquins had come from Chittor; and thinking that they had brought along with them his queen, king Ratansen was mortified. But to his surprise from the palanquins came out, not his queen and her women servants but fully armed soldiers, who quickly freed; Ratansen and galloped away towards Chittor on horses grabbed from Alauddin’s stables.

On hearing that his designs had been frustrated, the Sultan was furious and ordered his army to storm Chittor. But hard as they tried the Sultans army could not break into the fort. Then Alauddin decided to lay siege of the fort. The siege was a long drawn one and gradually supplied within the fort were depleted. Finally King Ratnasen gave orders that the Rajputs would open the gates and fight to finish with the besieging troops. On hearing of this decision, Padmini decided that with their men-folk going into the unequal struggle with the Sultan’s army in which they were sure to perish, the women of Chittor had either to commit suicides or face dishonor at the hands of the victorious enemy.

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Mass Jauhar

The choice was in favor of suicide through Jauhar. A huge pyre was lit and followed by their queen; all the women of Chittor jumped into the flames and deceived the enemies waiting outside. With their womenfolk dead, the men of Chittor had nothing to live for. Their charged out of the fort and fought on furiously with the vastly powerful array of the Sultan, till all of them perished. After this Pyrrhic victory the Sultan’s troops entered the fort only to be confronted with ashes and burnt bones of the women whose honor they were going to violate.

These women who committed Jauhar had to perish but their memory has been kept alive till today by bards and songs which glorify their act which was right in those days and circumstances. Thus a halo of honor is given to their supreme sacrifice.

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