Is the Taj Mahal a tomb or Tejo Mahalaya Mahadev Temple?
These days there are a lot of debates about the Taj Mahal’s identity of being a tomb or temple. The follower of both the religion claims it to be an integral part of their culture. The Taj Tours comes out with some facts before jumping on any conclusion.
Shah Jahan’s empire extended from present day Khandhar (now Afganistan) to Bengal (now Bangaladesh). The first question arises here is that when he was the owner of such a vast land then why would he construct the tomb of his favorite wife only on a Shiva temple.
Secondly, during the reign Shah Jahan, he banned the construction of new temples but he never ordered the demolition of the old existing Hindu temples. Another point is worth mentioning here is that his mother Jagat Gosain was also Hindu. She was never compelled either by her husband Jahangir or son Shah Jahan to embrace Islam. It shows that Mughal emperors were liberal.
Thirdly, most of the workers were Hindus and if the Taj was constructed on a temple then the workers would have refused to work.
Fourthly, the account of the foreign travelers. For example John Albert de Mandesto, a German traveler, who reached Surat in 1638 A.D. Peter Mundy (1630-34 A.D) an Italian traveler who visited India during the reign of Shah Jahan. He gives valuable information about the living standard of the common people. Jean Baptiste Tavernier (1638-1663 A.D.) a French traveler who visited India six limes. His account covers the reign of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. All of the travelers specially Tavernier, mentions about the construction of Taj Mahal by Shah Jahan. None of them ever mentioned about any revolt or controversy related to the Taj Mahal.
The archaeologists do not agree with the myth of Shiva temple, as no strong evidences favoring this theory could be put forward. The Taj Mahal was an Indo-Islamic structure. The Mughal’s brought with them Persian architecture. It consisted of dome, arches and minarets. Although, according to the Islamic laws depiction of life is prohibited. But Akbar, the third Mughal emperor overlooked them. Being a liberal emperor he started making use of both flora and fauna. The same tend was followed by his generations. If the construction is done following Islamic laws then its decoration was done in an Indian/Hindu way.
At the same time, we do not find any reference in any of the contemporary books. No reference was made by any of the Mughal court writer or Shah Jahan.
Just one reference in Purushottam Nagesh Oak’s book “The Taj Mahal” cannot change the history. History is entirely based on evidences. We must be proud of our history and culture instead of presenting it in distorted form.
In 2000 India’s Supreme Court dismissed Oak’s petition to declare that a Hindu king had built the Taj Mahal and reprimanded him for bringing the action, saying he had a “bee in his bonnet” about the Taj. In 2005 a similar petition was dismissed by the Allahabad High Court. This case was brought by Amar Nath Mishra, a social worker and preacher who says that the Taj Mahal was built by the Hindu King Parmar Dev in 1196
The books of Professor Oak has always created debates about the History. Some of the other controversies created due to his books are listed below:
- The Taj Mahal was a Rajput Palace, 1965.
- Indian Kshatriyas once ruled from Bali to Baltic & Korea to Kaba, 1966.
- The rationale of astrology, 1967.
- Who says Akbar was great, 1968.
- Bhārata meṃ Muslim Sultān, 1968.
- Some Missing Chapters of World History, 1973.
- Lucknow’s imambaras are Hindu palaces, 1976.
- Delhi’s Red Fort is Hindu Lalkot, 1976.
- Christianity is Chrisn-nity, 1979.
- World Vedic heritage: a history of histories: presenting a unique unified field theory of history that from the beginning of time the world practiced Vedic culture and spoke Sanskrit, 1984.
- Fatehpur Sikri ek Hindu Nagri, 2008.